Here Are 4 Types of Blood Clot and their Symptoms

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Blood Clot Symptoms: How Do You Know if You Have One?

Photo Credit: Healthline.

A blood clot is a clump of blood that’s changed from a liquid to a gel-like or semisolid state. Clotting is a necessary process that can prevent you from losing too much blood when you have a cut, for example. When a clot forms inside one of your veins, it won’t always dissolve on its own. This can be a very dangerous and even life-threatening situation.

Here are 4 types of blood clot and their symptoms

1. Deep vain thrombosis (Blood clot symptoms in the leg or arm).

A blood clot in your lower leg is the most likely location for one. The following are some of the signs of a blood clot in your leg or arm:

a. Inflammation

b. Discomfort

c. Tenderness

d. A warm sensation

e. Discoloration in a reddish hue

The size of the clot will determine your symptoms. As a result, you may have no symptoms or simply minor calf swelling without much pain. If the clot is large enough, your entire leg may become bloated and painful.

Blood clots in both legs or arms at the same time are uncommon.

2. Blood clot in the lungs (pulmonary embolism)

A blood clot that travels to your lungs is called a pulmonary embolism. Symptoms that could be a sign of a PE are:

a. Sudden shortness of breath that isn’t caused by exercise.

b. Chest pain.

c. Palpitations, or rapid heart rate.

d. Breathing problems.

3. Heart attack (A blood clot in the heart).

A blood clot in the heart can cause a variety of symptoms (heart attack). Blood clots can form in any part of the body and create serious complications. Clots in the heart, on the other hand, can block off vital blood flow and cause a heart attack.

Although a blood clot in the heart is less common, it can still happen. Symptoms of a blood clot in the heart include: 

a. chest discomfort.

b. racing heart.

c. shortness of breath.

d. arm, neck, back, or jaw pain. 

e. Sweating. 

f. Nausea or heartburn.

Coronary artery thrombosis occurs when blood clots form in the arteries of the heart. These clots arise when fatty tissues that grow in the arteries of the heart break off and impede blood flow to the cardiac tissues. The heart tissues are deprived of oxygen and other nutrients when blood flow is interrupted.

4. Stroke (blood clot in the brain).

A stroke is caused by a blood clot in the brain. Blood clots can form in any part of the body, including the brain. When this happens, your blood can't get enough oxygen to your brain, causing hypoxia. Without a consistent flow of oxygen, brain tissue cannot survive, and hypoxia can result in severe symptoms and even death.

All of the symptoms of a stroke are caused by a blood clot in the brain, including:

a. Paralysis

b. Numbness or weakness in the arm, face, and leg, especially on one side of the body.

c. Trouble speaking or understanding others.

d. Vision problems, like trouble seeing in one or both eyes with vision blackened or blurred, or double vision.

e. Trouble walking.

f. Severe, sudden headache with an unknown cause.

If these symptoms appear and disappear suddenly, you should still seek emergency care. Stroke symptoms that come and go can be a sign of a transient ischemic attack. These are also usually caused by blood clots, but the clots resolve or don’t entirely block the flow of blood to your brain.

Write-up Credit: Healthline.com

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